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NAPSR/CNPR Exam-Answered-Latest 2023

NAPSR/CNPR Exam-Answered-Latest 2023

NAPSR/CNPR Exam-Answered-Latest 2023
Pharma companies must submit extensive data to the FDA demonstrating the
safety and effectiveness of new drugs before receiving approval for sale.
True
Average review time for a new drug
18 months
Sales Team
Pg 7
The "engine of innovation," focused on discovering or inventing promising new
product.
Research & Development
This includes supply chain, manufacturing, trade, and distribution functions of the
business.
Manufacturing & Operations
In 2012, FDA regulators approved 39 new drugs for use in the U.S.
True
3,070 new meds are in development for cancer.
True
Define Off-label
Usage of a medication for purposes other than the specific ones appearing on the
label
Toxicity
The extent, quality, or degree to which a substance is poisonous or harmful to the
body
Institutional review Board (IRB)
A committee of physicians, staticians, community advocated, and others which
ensure that a clinical trial is ethical and that the rights of the study participants are
protected. All clinical trials must be approved by an IRB before they begin.
Placebo
Inactive pill, liquid, or powder that has no treatment value aka sugar pill
Edema
Swelling
Asymptomatic
Without signs or symptoms
Clinical Pharmacology
The study of the effects and movement of drugs in the human body
Anatomy
The study of basic structures of the body
Physiology
The study of how those body structures function
Basic clinical pharmacology involves 3 main concepts
Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacokinetics, drug distribution and elimination.
Pharmacodynamics
Study of the biochemical and physiological effects of drugs and their mechanisms
of action i.e. the study of what a drug does to the body. It describes the therapeutic
effects of drugs (pain relief, blood pressure reduction, their side effects and their
sites of action.
Pharmacokinetics
Study of how a drug is processed by the body, with emphasis on the time required
for absorption, duration of action, distribution, and method of excretion. The study
of how the body affects drugs.
Drug distribution & elimination
Drug delivery systems, route of administration , modes of excretion.
Plasma
The liquid portion of the blood that carries proteins and other substances
Organs
Specialized cells and tissues grouped together to perform specific body function
for a common purpose. (Kidney, heart, intestines, and skin)

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