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Exam 1 term 3 pnvn 1631

Exam 1 term 3 pnvn 1631

Exam 1 term 3 pnvn 1631

What is hyperlipidemia?
High levels of lipids (fats) in the blood.

Hyperlipidemia is a major cause of what?

What is atherosclerosis? –
Build up of fats, cholesterol, hardening of the arteries

What puts you at high risk for atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease –
• Low levels of hdl
• High levels of ldl

Primary treatments for hyperlipidemia –
- Weigh reduction
- Low cholesterol & fat
- Exercise
What is the action of bile acid-binding resins?
Bind bile acids to promote increased metabolism of cholesterol

What drugs are bile binding resins
- cholestyramine
- Colestipol
- Cocosevelam

What are the actions of fibric acids –
Lower triglyceride levels
What drugs are fibric acids –
Gemfibrozil (lopid)
-gnograte (tricor)

What is a dysrhythmia?
Abnormal heart rhythm

What causes dysrhythmias –
Caused by abnormal pacemaker cells or a blockage of the normal pathway. Stress, ischemia, and heart failure can also cause irregular muscular contraction

What are the 2 types of dysrhythmias and their defining characteristics
1. Supraventricular, develops above the bundle of his, atrial flutter and fibrillation, premature atrial contractions, sinus tachycardia and bradycardia.
2. Ventricular, develops below the bundle of his, premature ventricular contractions, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia

Class 1 dysrhythmia medications (does what)?
Myocardial depressant that inhibits sodium

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